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Eczema is a condition that affects the skin. Skin is the largest organ in the human body. Skin protects against outside invaders, regulates body temperature, and produces natural oils. It also stores fat and vitamin D. Chronic skin conditions such as eczema can affect people in different ways. An Eczema skin rash is a type of dermatitis that causes inflammation and dryness of the skin, often affecting patches on the hands, feet, face, and neck. It is also known as atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema.
Eczema is not contagious and can affect people of all ages, including babies. The exact cause of eczema is unknown, but the condition may run in families and occur more frequently in people with other allergies or asthma. Eczema typically starts between the ages of two to six or seven years old. The severity of eczema varies from person to person.e
An eczema skin rash may include red, dry, itchy patches on the skin that sometimes become cracked or sore. The symptoms can vary in intensity and location. It can be difficult to manage eczema because of its unpredictable nature. The condition flares up, then fades away completely for weeks or even months at a time. Flare-ups can appear anywhere on your body, which makes it tough to keep your clothes and bedding clean. Fortunately, there are many ways to ease eczema skin flare-ups and help you feel better.
Eczema is believed to be an immune response in your body and generally resolves on its own without treatment. However, developing an eczema skin care routine that supports your skin sensitivities will help to alleviate any rashes that may occur due to skin routine triggers that can easily be avoided through careful management.
Wash with mild soap or use a fragrance-free cleanser that is free of chemical irritants. Work out which ingredients are triggering your eczema and avoid them. Choose an eczema skin care routine that is recommended for your skin condition. Look for skin care products that are chemical, allergy or toxic free. Use alcohol free products where possible as these are less likely to dry out skin. Find products that have been accredited as safe to use on sensitive skin. Industry sites such as Made Safe cosmetics provide a valuable resource of information relating to skin care products, ingredients and their suitability for skin types or conditions.
Use moisturising lotions and barrier creams to help moisturise and protect the skin while managing any dry skin patches. Lotions are lighter in texture and less likely to penetrate or irritate the skin. By using sensitive eczema skin care products, you may find your skin is less likely to react to specific ingredients. Ingredients that work well with in an eczema skin care routine include Aloe Vera, Shea Butter Glycerin, Hyaluronic Acid (Sodium Hyaluronate) and Niacinamide (or Vitamin B3 also known as Nicotinamide). Apply a test patch to your inner wrist before applying a new product for the first time. This will allow you to check for any adverse skin reactions before applying to other parts of the face or body.
Wear cotton clothing where possible to allow your skin to breathe. Man made synthetics can irritate the skin and trigger a rash response upon contact with the skin.
Keep nails short to prevent scratching your eczema skin rash
Avoid activities such as swimming (unless approved by your doctor) when the condition is at it’s most problematic. Chemicals such as chlorine found in pool water can exacerbate your eczema skin rash.
At around the age of 50, a woman will experience menopausal skin changes as a result of declining hormone levels. These hormonal changes can create skin conditions such as acne, breakouts, dry patches, dullness and wrinkles to arise. Menopausal skin is one of the most common effects of menopause. Think puberty for middle agers and you can understand the emotional and physical challenges that may present during this time and how they impact your skin. With a specific plan and products that fit your skin’s needs, you can prepare and take care of your skin now and see the benefits. It’s never too late to start.
As a result of declining Oestrogen levels, menopausal skin conditions may resemble puberty with skin breakouts, pigmentation issues, dry or oily patches also eczema, psoriasis or rosacea. Declining hormone levels reduce blood flow to the skin, which can result in changes to its appearance. The decrease of Oestrogen also causes collagen production to slow, leading to more wrinkles and drooping of the skin. Couple that with an increase in dryness caused by the changing levels of hormones, and you’ve got yourself some skin care challenges.
Menopause can be a confusing time for your body, but you don’t have to let it get the best of you! Maximize your menopausal skin care routine with collagen boosting vitamins A, B, C & E. These contain cell building proteins that stimulate collagen and elastic production repair and restore damage to the skin.
Vitamin A helps to regulate the production of sebum as well as regenerate cell growth which can help reduce the appearance of acne scarring. Vitamin A also helps to maintain healthy skin cells and moisturize the skin from within.
Vitamin B is a group of essential nutrients that includes thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, and vitamin B6. Vitamin B is a powerful antioxidant that protects skin cells from damage caused by free radicals. When applied topically, it can alleviate symptoms of dermatitis and eczema. Vitamin B also helps regulate sebum production so oily skin types can have smoother skin without excess shine.
Niacinamide contains vitamin B-3 and controls sebum production to minimise pores. Find a serum that contains Vitamin B and add this vital step before you apply your day or night moisturiser.
Vitamin C can repair sun damage, protect against free radicals that cause wrinkles, and reduce acne. It also has powerful anti-aging benefits like reducing the appearance of dark spots.
Vitamin E, which is found in many products, is great for fighting wrinkles, preventing acne breakouts and evening skin tone.
Hydration is key to treating your skin during this time. Menopausal skin is easily aggravated by harsh ingredients or environmental factors that can compromise the skin’s natural moisture barrier. Whether skin is super dry or oily, use oil control creams, serums or oils that contain proteins or peptides to minimise transepidermal water loss. For acne-prone skin consider lotions and serums which are lighter in texture.
Look for ingredients that support moisture control and keep the skin feeling hydrated such as glycerin that balances the skin and adds moisture. Shea butter is a popular anti-ageing product that helps to break down collagen and elastin fibers which are responsible for the elasticity of the skin. The high concentration of anti-oxidants found in shea butter is also very effective at repairing skin damage caused by the sun and other environmental aggressors.
Other ultra hydrating ingredients to look for are nourishing oils such as macadamia, avocado or jojoba oil. Lighter ingredients such as sodium hyaluronate, witch hazel and aloe vera act as humectants and draw moisture to the skin.
Antioxidants protect your skin against harmful environmental factors and neutralize free radicals that damage skin cells and contribute to aging. Look for skincare products containing plant derived antioxidants such as Kakadu Plum, Bilberry, Wild Rosella and Bearberry. These are nutrient rich and provide a vital source of antioxidants including polyphenols to relieve inflammation and provide nourishment to the skin.
Vitamin E is also an antioxidant that helps keep cell membranes strong and healthy. These illuminate the skin, improve pigmentation to provide a healthy glow or radiance to your skin’s complexion.
Exfoliating your skin helps to gently remove dead skin cells and surface dirt and impurities. Stay away from harsh exfoliants with abrasive particles. Opt instead for a gentle scrub or cream based masque to support your skin’s natural moisture barrier and protect delicate skin. Try not to over exfoliate. Limit to 2-3 times a week.
Did you know that the sun is one of the main reasons for skin ageing? Ultra violet rays penetrate and damage the skin which inhibits the production of vitamin D, another factor in skin ageing. Protect, protect, protect your skin. Try to wear sunscreen everyday on top of your moisturiser and before your make up. Alternatively try using a moisturiser with added SPF protection. Re-apply every 2 hours (no exceptions) to avoid unnecessary skin damage. Remember to wash your sunscreen off every evening with a cleanser. If you have wear make up, try a ‘double cleanse’ or masque and tone your skin before applying your serum.